Asunción the "Madre de Ciudades" (mother of the cities) with about 507,000 inhabitants
Fort Asunción was founded on August 15, 1537, at the behest of Pedro de Mendoza, by Juan de Salazar de Espinoza de los Monteros (y Espinoza).
It was not recognized as a city until September 16, 1541.
Asunción is one of the oldest cities in South America and was probably first visited by Juan de Ayolas. Founding name and official name until today is: "La muy noble y leal ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción" which means "The venerable and faithful city of Our Lady of the Assumption".
The first uprising occurred in 1731 and was called the "Revolución de los comuneros" led by Uruguayan José de Antequera y Castro under Spanish colonial rule.
Paraguay gained its independence from the Spanish crown on May 15, 1811. Shortly after, during the dictatorship of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francias, the original city center of Asunción was completely destroyed.
The main city is located on the left bank of the Paraguay River, on Asunción Bay. To the northwest it borders with Mariano Roque Alonso, to the east with Luque and Fernando de la Mora, and to the south with Lambaré and Ñembý.
In 1965, Asunción was granted the highest elevation: Cerro Lambaré in the district of Santa Ana, in the border area with the neighboring city of Lambaré.
The most important elevations are the Lomas or Colinas hills, which are fully integrated into the urban development.
Here are the most important seven:
- Loma Cabará (here is believed to be the founding place of Asunción)
- Loma San Gerónimo
- Loma Clavel (here is the seat of today's Marines)
- Loma Cachinga
- Loma del Mangrullo (today the park Carlos Antonio López)
- Loma de la Encarnación
- Loma de las piedras de Santa Catalina (the present name is Escalinata Antequera)
Today, even the Lomas Tarumá and Tacumbú and the seat of the penitentiary are counted among them.
The Paraguay River feeds several streams. The main branches of these streams are:
Mburicaó, Cará Cará, Jaén, Mburicá, Salamanca, Zanja Morotí, San Vicente and Leandr. They flow through Asunción and pose an enormous urban planning challenge, as they quickly turn into raging waters during heavy rains.
The excess waters pool in the lagoons near the rivers to form stagnant water. This results in a significant health risk, as it is the breeding ground of the dengue and yellow fever-carrying mosquitoes (Aedes Aegypti) and the malaria vector (Anopheles).
The state of emergency was declared in January 2007, when more than 10,000 cases appeared in Asunción alone. In March 2008, this epidemic was joined by an enormous yellow fever epidemic.
Here it pays off that many special clinics are here:
- Instituto de Medicina Tropical (Tropical Institute)
- Hospital del Cáncer y del Quemado (cancer and severe burns)
- Maternidad Nacional (National Maternity Hospital)
- Hospital Neurosiquiatrico (Neuropsychiatric Clinic)
Many attractions such as:
- Stadion Defensores del Chaco (the largest stadium in all of Paraguay)
- Museum for indigenous people
- Museum for natural history
- Museum for history
In addition, the famous Universidad Nacional de Asunción and Universidad Católica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción.
You can go shopping in Asunción according to your heart's desire or go to the beautiful cinema complexes. Take the little ones to an indoor playground, or enjoy food from all over the world. You can even visit a McDonald and a Pizza Hut. You see, nothing is missing!